Thanks to Joel B. of Carcassonne, I was able go directly to see this long-lost burial site. His extraordinary searches have filled in one more gap in our knowledge of the people that inhabited these limestone slopes above La Liviniere and Siran.
Naming a dolmen that has never been studied by official archaeologists, and that has only ever appeared as an approximate symbol on a small hand-drawn sketch, is difficult. It is made more difficult by the lack of any distinctive feature in the landscape, or any clear paths. Joel has named it from the nearest hamlet, St Julien des Moulieres. There are possibly 3 more dolmens like this on the Causse – they have no names and no location.
I rediscovered the dolmen de Peyro-Rousso after many days of searching. Joel discovered the dolmen du Causse de St Julien after similar efforts. It lies only 400 metres the south-east, but it might have been located on another planet. The garrigue here is a trackless waste, a jumbled chaos of shattered limestone karst. The burial mounds are reduced to a slight swell of stones, about 8 metres across, but barely perceptible. The sharp westside upright is a blade of white stone against the invasive garrigue.
There are similarities between the two tombs: the long and large RH or western orthostat. Here it is 2 m. long by 90cm. high. The length of the tomb overall is hard to measure : there does not seem to be any passage, or entry-way, and thus it seems to be ‘un dolmen simple’. The width is 80 cm. It’s orientation is N-S.
About 500 m. to the south are the three Mousse dolmens. Almost 900 m. due east is the Grand dolmen de l’Auriol.
I have cleared the tomb of overhanging growth. I would like others to come after me, with gloves and saws. I would like a simple path kept clear, for others to visit our oldest burials.
The ‘free-standing’ extra orthostat is unusual. It stands on the west side, but seems to serve no function.
This ‘doubling’ of stones has occurred in other dolmens, but more usually on the left or east side. The tomb is filled with broken stones: were they once the fragile limestone capstone? Replaced in some semblance of respect, by the grave-robbers/early archaeologists of the 19th. c.?